History of Ceramics and Tiles

19 September 2021

Artifacts showing the oldest ceramic art are the ceramic vessels found in the archaeological excavations of Hacılar and Çatalhöyük in Anatolia. These containers; It was made in 6000 BC and is decorated with iron oxide earth paint.
B.C. In the 6th and 5th centuries, the Greek potters began to shape the pots by making changes in the shape and size of the pot, and the Romans were influenced by this thanks to the increasing commercial relations and they produced easily portable ceramics, which led to the development of ceramics.
These ceramic remains are one of the most valuable resources that have survived for 8000 years without deterioration and give us the first clues about the history of humanity.

There are the oldest tile finds in Pre-Old Kingdom Egypt. The first tiles are known in eastern countries from the 7th century. This secret passed to Sicily and Spain through the Arabs. Later, from these regions, Italy and France made progress.
Clay, kaolin, quartz, feldspar and limestone-like materials are mixed in certain proportions and compressed in special molds. After the compression forming process, it is fired at a temperature above 900 °C. Then glazing is done. It is cooked again at around 1100 °C. In this way, a structure with glaze on one side and porous surface on the other is obtained.
It is used as a covering material for walls and counters in wet floors such as bathrooms and kitchens.
There are square and rectangular varieties. According to TS 202, it is 150*150*5.5 mm or 150*50*5.5 mm.
Laid aside (termineson)
laid out
Corner tiled (double termineson)
They are classified according to their flooring locations.